18th May 1930 : Following pressure from the temperance movement , President Hoover has recommended strengthening the prohibition enforcement by moving enforcement to the justice department. This places the day to day dry rules under Attorney General Mitchell, It is also proposed to strengthen and unify border patrols.
U.S.A. DRY PROHIBITION LAWS
28th February, 1937: On this day, it was reported that Dr. James R. Garber advocated repeal of current dry laws. Being a doctor, he had pushed for the re-legalization of the sale of alcohol because of the medicinal value that it had (still has in some cases). He also stressed concepts such as that of freedom of choice, and that of recognizing “the value of supervision and regulation” which perhaps can be taken a few different ways. One argument in today’s time would be that alcohol can be acceptable in moderation, when people drink responsibly.
AMERICAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION CONFIRMS POSSIBLE HEALTH BENEFITS OF BEER
While red wine is often touted as the heart-healthy libation, more evidence is showing beer has a great deal of nutrition and health-promoting qualities as well, according to an article published in the Winter 2011 issue of the American Dietetic Association’s member publication, ADA Times.
“Red wine enjoys a reputation for sophistication and health benefits, but as interest in artisan brewing gains momentum and emerging research reveals unique nutrition properties, beer is finding redemption not only as a classy libation with deep roots in many cultures, but as a beverage with benefits,” writes registered dietitian and ADA Spokesperson Andrea Giancoli.
February is American Heart Month, a time dedicated to raising awareness of the leading cause of death in the U.S. – cardiovascular disease. One in three adults has some form of heart/cardiovascular disease. Many of these deaths and risk factors are preventable and food choices have a big impact on your heart’s health, even if you have other risk factors.
Moderate consumption of any alcoholic beverage, including beer, has been shown to increase HDL cholesterol, lower LDL cholesterol and reduce the risk of blood clotting, Giancoli writes in ADA Times. Moderate alcohol consumption has also been associated with a lower incidence of gallstones, decreased risk of type 2 diabetes and improved cognitive function in older adults.
“Beer specifically has been associated with additional health outcomes, including lowering the risk of kidney stones in men compared to other alcoholic beverages, possibly due to its high water content and diuretic effect,” Giancoli writes. “Compounds in hops may also slow the release of calcium from bone that is implicated in kidney stones. Additionally, beer drinkers seem to have a more protective effect towards greater bone mineral density due to the high content of silicone in beer.”
Like wine, beer is fat free. Carbohydrates, which make up about one-third of the calories in beer, mostly come from partially broken down starch. Protein, which is nearly non-existent in wine, is present in small amounts in beer – about 4 percent of the total calories.
Most beers are between 3 percent and 6 percent alcohol by volume, although some beers can contain as much as 10 percent alcohol, “and some are much higher.” Giancoli writes. “Wines are between 12 percent and 14 percent ABV. Because the average beer has a lower ABV and more than two and half times as much water, it contributes to fluid intake more so than wine.”
It’s a common myth that, the darker the beer, the higher the alcohol content, Giancoli writes. “In fact, what affects a beer’s color is whether dark malts are used, and alcohol depends on the amount of sugar in the wort.”
Although the USDA Nutrient Database lists beer’s fiber content as zero grams recent studies have shown lager contains up to 2 grams of soluble fiber per liter, while dark beers can contain up to 3.5 grams. “Although wine and beer are neck-and-neck when it comes to mineral composition, each providing some potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and fluoride (the latter presumably contributed through the water source), beer is the winner when it comes to selenium and silicon,” Giancoli writes.
“While nutrient analyses refer to an average ‘regular beer,’ there are more than 100 different categories of beer – and the brewing process, ingredients and proportions used can influence the nutritional content of each.”
“Whether you’re exploring the cultural roots of an ancient beverage, expanding your culinary prowess, supporting a local brewer or just enjoying a cold one,” says Giancoli, “remember that moderate consumption means one 12-ounce beer per day for women and two for men.”
There are a few unofficial “beer holidays” scattered throughout the calendar. August 7 is supposedly International Beer Day. American Beer Day is October 27. But National Beer Day, celebrated each year on April 7, actually has some meaning behind it. It’s the day in 1933 that President Franklin Roosevelt enacted the Cullen-Harrison Act, the first step toward the December 5 repeal of Prohibition.
The act allowed for beers under 3.2 percent alcohol to be sold in the United States. Plenty of people felt a weak beer was better than no beer at all, so they lined up at breweries nationwide (so the story goes) to buy beer legally for the first time in 13 years.
April 5, 1932: Alcohol prohibition in Finland ends. Alcohol sales begin in Alko liquor stores.
Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, is a sumptuary law which restricts or prohibits the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcohol and alcoholic beverages. The term can also apply to the periods in the histories of the countries during which the prohibition of alcohol was enforced. Use of the term as applicable to a historical period is typically applied to countries of European culture. In some countries of the Muslim world, consumption of alcoholic beverages is forbidden according to Islamic Law though the strictness by which this prohibition was and is enforced varies considerably between various Islamic countries and various periods in their history.
The prohibition of alcohol commenced in Finland in 1919 and in the United States in 1920. Because alcohol was the most popular recreational drug in these countries, reactions to its prohibition were very different than to the prohibition of other drugs, which were commonly perceived to be associated with racial and ethnic minorities. Public pressure led to the repeal of alcohol prohibition in Finland in 1932, and in the United States in 1933. Residents of many provinces of Canada also experienced alcohol prohibition for similar periods of time in the first half of the 20th century.
In Sweden, a referendum in 1922 decided against an alcohol prohibition law (with 51% of the votes against and 49% for prohibition), but starting in 1914 (nationwide from 1917) and until 1955 Sweden employed an alcohol rationing system with personal liquor ration books.
in the early twentieth century, much of the impetus for the prohibition movement in the Nordic countries and North America came from Protestant wariness of alcohol.
The first half of the 20th century saw periods of prohibition of alcoholic beverages in several countries:
• 1907 to 1948 in Prince Edward Island, but for much shorter periods in other provinces in Canada
• 1914 to 1925 in Russia and the Soviet Union
• 1915 to 1922 in Iceland (though beer was still prohibited until 1989)
• 1916 to 1927 in Norway (fortified wine and beer also prohibited from 1917 to 1923)
• 1919 in Hungary
• 1919 to 1932 in Finland (called kieltolaki)
• 1920 to 1933 in the United States
After several years, prohibition became a failure in North America and elsewhere, as bootlegging aka. rum-running, became widespread and organized crime took control of the distribution of alcohol. Distilleries and breweries in Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean flourished as their products were either consumed by visiting Americans or illegally imported to the U.S. Chicago became notorious as a haven for prohibition dodgers during the time known as the Roaring Twenties. Prohibition generally came to an end in the late 1920s or early 1930s in most of North America and Europe, although a few locations continued prohibition for many more years.