Hon Sir William Macarthur was born at Parramatta in December 1800, the fifth son of John and Elizabeth Macarthur, pioneers of the Australian wool industry. He was educated in England at Rugby School, returned to Australia with his father in 1817, and assisted in the management of his estates.
These estates included land controlled by the Macarthurs south along the Murrumbidgee River from Gundagai. James and William Macarthur stocked ‘Nangus Station’ with cattle in 1831. The island in the middle of the River at Nangus is marked as one of the early goldfields and named ‘M’Arthur Island’. The island is where the highly auriferous Adelong Creek enters the Murrumbidgee River.
In 1844, William Macarthur, regarded at the time as a leading Australian viticulturist, published a small volume, Letters on the Culture of the Vine, Fermentation, and the Management of the Cellar, which was widely read. He was President of New South Wales Vineyard Association and had a vineyard and extensive cellars at the family estate at Camden Park.
In 1849 he was made a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council. Macarthur represented New South Wales at the Paris International Exhibition of 1855. Shortly afterwards he was knighted. After his return to Australia in 1857, he was again appointed a member of the Legislative Council, but he never took a prominent part in politics and was more at home with his pastoral pursuits having been given of stewardship of his family’s landmark pastoral property Camden Park. He was also an active in club life and served as the president of the Australian Club.
He died unmarried on 29 October 1882. His estate was left to his niece Elizabeth Onslow, wife of Arthur Onslow.
1874 October 29th, Falls of Schuylkill Brewery, belonging to Jacob Hohenadel, burned, loss $45,000.
October 29, 1929 − “Black Tuesday” − The stock market crashes, sending the country into harsh economic hardships. Only four Utah breweries would survive the 12 years of the Great Depression
In the 2nd Annual Report under PESP Workplan Objective 2 it was reported that the Wine Institute and the California Association of Winegrape Growers (CAWG) had jointly established the Sustainable Winegrowing Project (SWP) and they were developing a self-assessment workbook for winegrape growers and winemakers modelled after the Lodi Winegrower’s Workbook. I was responsible for writing the vineyard chapters of the SWP workbook which were then reviewed and edited by the SWP joint committee. In adapting the Lodi Winegrower’s Workbook for the SWP workbook, the Lodi book was reviewed by grower groups in all major winegrowing regions of California with the goal of modifying it to meet the needs of each region. During this exercise it became clear that it was not necessary to write a separate winegrowing workbook for each region but that with proper input the Lodi workbook could be adapted for a statewide audience of growers. I used the feedback from these groups to adapt the Lodi Winegrower’s Workbook for statewide use to create one workbook for all regions, including Lodi. About 95% of the material in the SWP workbook is directly from the Lodi Winegrower’s Workbook. On October 29, 2002, the Wine Institute and CAWG released the Code of Sustainable Winegrower Practices Workbook for use throughout the California wine industry. The SWP workbook also contains brand new chapters that winemakers can use to evaluate winery practices for level of implementation of sustainable practices. LWWC decided to use the new statewide workbook in its workbook program to be consistent with the rest of the California wine industry. Furthermore, the SWP workbook has benefited from having winegrape grower groups from around the state comment on its content. Therefore the new workbook was used in the LWWC workbook workshops convened since October 2002.
In the SWP workbook, the chapter dealing with habitat issues is titled ‘Ecosystem Function’ and contains much of the material from the Lodi workbook but is greatly expanded in scope. This chapter was drafted by Kent Reeves, East Bay Municipal Utility District, who helped write the habitat chapter in the Lodi workbook. The Human Resources chapter in the SWP workbook also contains most of what was in the Lodi workbook but was greatly expanded and drafted by Dr. Elizabeth Thatch of Sonoma State University.
The Duma’s desire to speed up adoption of the law “About restrictions on retail and consumption of beer and beer beverages in public” seems to be undue. The law provides for imposing a fine at the rate of 100 rubles (a bit more than $3) for drinking beer in public, i.e. everywhere outside bar, restaurants and apartments.
It is not a secret that very few Russians can afford expensive restaurants. So, the police may be happy if the law is adopted. Indeed, if the innovation is introduced the police will be able to accept bribes from those who violate the new law and drink beer in public. It is perfectly clear that policemen would like to take 50 rubles instead of drawing up reports as concerning every man drinking beer in public. Let us switch over to the economic part of the problem. The Russian beer market made up 7.57 billion litres last year. Expert researches reveal that about 15 per cent of beer is consumed in public. It means that violation of the new law mat be registered over 2 billion of times a year. In other words, annual wages of the police will rise by at least 100 billion rubles. However, this may be a happy perspective for the police only.
The Duma adopted the above-mentioned law on October 29, 2004 but November 10 the Federation Council rejected the document as the upper chamber believed the law to be poor from the legal point of view. A conciliatory commission is working on the problem now. Deputy Viktor Semenov says that parliamentarians will abandon the commission and overcome the veto if it turns out that the Federation Council is dragging out. Are people’s deputies actually reluctant to exterminate corruption in Russia? It is unlikely that they are unaware of probable results of their law-making activity.
1985 Oct 29th, John W Sleeman , the great grandson of John H Sleeman, reincorporates The Sleeman Brewing & Malting Co.Ltd.